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Neurological Adaptations to Exercise

Exercise training can induce various neurological adaptations that affect the structure and function of the nervous system. These adaptations occur in response to the demands placed on the body during physical activity. Here are some key neurological adaptations associated with exercise training:

Increased Motor Unit Recruitment and Firing Rates:

the collective body of evidence indicates that resistance training is capable of increasing the capacity to more efficiently recruit the highest threshold motor units (i.e., increased recruitment and firing rates).

Enhanced Intermuscular Coordination:

After six weeks of training, individuals typically exhibit improved intermuscular coordination. This means that the various muscles involved in a movement work together more efficiently, reducing energy wastage and improving movement efficiency.Improved

Muscle Fibre Activation:

Six weeks of training lead to improved muscle fiber activation. This adaptation involves the central nervous system learning to recruit and activate a larger proportion of available muscle fibers, contributing to increased strength and power.Enhanced Proprioception and


Three months of training can significantly enhance proprioception (awareness of one's body position) and balance. The nervous system becomes more adept at processing sensory information from proprioceptors, leading to better precision of movement and balance. This is important for motor control and may reduce the risk of falls and injuries.



Exercise can promote neuroplasticity, which is the brain's ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections. This can enhance learning, memory, and overall cognitive function (attention, speed of processing). This is particularly relevant in aging populations, where exercise can help mitigate cognitive decline.


It's important to note that the specific neurological adaptations can vary depending on the type, intensity, and duration of the exercise. Additionally, individual factors such as age, fitness level, and genetics play a role in how the nervous system responds to exercise.


Our team of Exercise Physiologists are experts in prescribing exercises and movements that stimulate the desired neurological adaptations, and this will vary from person to person. Individualising exercise prescription is the key to our clients achieving their goals.


If you would like an assessment and individually designed program specific to your needs and goals, don’t hesitate to give our office a call to book in a 1:1 session.

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Hukum Ka Ikka
Hukum Ka Ikka
Dec 27, 2023


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